Types of acne you should know about

Any acne on your face must be undesirable. Whether it's small pimples that look like red spots, or big ones like boils, we definitely want to get rid of it all quickly! The main key to this is to know in advance what type is, because different types of zits require different treatments.

When you know it, you can start using drugs that are freely sold in stores or prescribed by doctors to improve your skin.
Behind various types of zits

Every one of your pores has a channel that will allow oil (sebum) to come out or flow from its glands to the surface of the skin. When oil is produced in normal amounts, your skin becomes protected, smooth, and hydrated. However, when unbalanced hormones cause excessive oil production, this can be a problem.

For some people, the oil then does not work out and is finally trapped inside the pores. What's worse, dead skin cells on the surface of the skin might make it more difficult to get out because of a blockage. Starting from there, depending on what happens in the pores, you can get zits, whiteheads (milia), blackheads, cysts, papules, or pustules.

1. Blackheads

Blackheads are formed when oil and dead skin cells are trapped inside the pore layer to make the pores open. This oil will be oxidized when it reaches the surface of the skin and is exposed to the air, causing black spots, which are most commonly seen on the nose, chin, or the middle of the forehead.

Blackheads have nothing to do with dirt or hygiene problems. Blackheads are also not caused by bacteria, so they do not work with disinfectants such as benzoyl peroxide, sulfur, or new antibiotics.

Handling blackheads can be done with regular use of products that contain a BHA formula to improve the shape of the pores and renew dead skin cells. Blackheads that are difficult to remove by common BHA products may be able to use BHA prescribed by dermatologists.

Comedone scrubs and tape are not very useful because the problem is not only in the surface layer. Prescription drugs such as Retin-A, Renova, or skin care products with retinol can help improve cell function so that the pores can function normally.

2. Whitehead (commonly called milia)

Whiteheads are usually small, hard, almost similar to zits but without redness or swelling, and the contents cannot be removed. Whitehead mostly appears in the area of ​​the forehead, cheeks, and under the eyes, but does not rule out the possibility to appear anywhere.

Whitehead can be very difficult to cure. The best way is to use a product with the BHA formula once or twice a day. In some cases, the whitehead needs to be removed by a beautician or doctor.

3. Common acne (papules)

This type is the most benign of all types of acne. Pink papules or usually a red lump with a white surface filled with liquid and oil. These pimples hurt when held. Papules appear when the pores are blocked and the bacteria then grow causing inflammation.

This is the easiest type of acne to handle. Experts prove that products that are sold freely and contain benzoyl peroxide and salicylic acid are the best treatments for this type of acne.

4. Pustules

When pimples swell and contain pus, papule has become a pillar. Most acne in teenagers is a combination of papules and pustules. Caring for this type of pimple always requires a combination of products that are sold freely with the product the doctor prescribes.

5. Deep and painful acne

Cysts and nodules are the biggest, most painful, and most difficult to treat zits, often referred to as blemishes. Cysts don't always look like zits; it can look like a big and red lump. Cysts can appear near the sebacous glands. If not treated, they usually leave scars. Scars are usually obtained because the cyst is too large and goes too deep to damage the surrounding skin.

For cysts and nodules, it is very important for you to check and see a dermatologist because there are no over-the-counter drugs that can treat this type of acne.