Lot of things to know about advanced skin care

Skin care is a treatment procedure undertaken to maintain healthy skin and overcome various skin problems on the face. This type of treatment is one of the most common and routine procedures performed either at home or in an aesthetic clinic or hospital.

The skin is one of the organs of the human body. As the outermost layer of the body, the skin has the main task to protect the body from changes in temperature, microorganisms, radiation and exposure to chemicals, as well as pressure from outside the body. In addition, the skin also serves as the sense of touch and control of various aspects of the physiology of the human body, such as adjusting the temperature and maintaining body fluid balance through sweat.

Early skin care is very important to maintain and maintain skin's function and youthfulness. In addition, skin care also has several benefits, including:

    Improve the look of facial skin.
    Treat and alleviate the disruption that occurs in facial skin.
    Prevent problems that may occur in the future, such as wrinkles or skin cancer.

Indication of Skin Care

Although it can be done as a skin health maintenance, but there are some special conditions that cause a patient needs skin care, among others:

    Acne or acne scars.
    Blackheads (black or white).
    Wrinkles due to aging (wrinkles).
    Pigment disorders include hypopigmentation or hyperpigmentation, such as melasma or black patches.
    Large pores.
    Dull face skin.
    Scars on the face.

Facial Skin Type

The skin condition generally depends on moisture level, softness, and skin sensitivity. However, this condition may change with age, environmental conditions, and the type of routine care performed. Skin type is divided into several types, among others:

    Normal skin type, which is a skin condition that has a content of water and oil (sebum) is balanced, so the skin is not too dry and not too oily. Normal skin types generally do not have too many problems, with pores that are barely visible, and look healthy glowing.
    Dry skin type, the condition of facial skin that produces less oil than normal skin. The slight oil content causes the skin to peel easily because it is unable to retain moisture. Although the pores of dry skin owners are almost invisible, but dry skin types tend to look dull and rough. In conditions that are too dry, then the skin can be itchy and easily inflamed.
    Oily skin type, the condition of facial skin that produces excess oil than normal skin. This condition is usually caused by several things, including heredity, hormonal conditions, and environmental influences such as weather factors. Oily skin types are characterized by larger pore sizes, glossy looking skin, and are more susceptible to blackheads or acne.
    Combination skin type, which is normal or dry facial skin condition on some facial and oily parts of other face (usually on nose, forehead, and chin). This skin type is characterized by pores that look bigger,   and shiny.
    Type of sensitive skin, the type of skin with a high sensitivity (sensitivity). This condition occurs because the natural barrier function of the skin is weakened, so it is easy to experience the disruption that arises as a reaction to various trigger factors, such as weather changes, stress, hormonal changes, pets, dust, to chemicals. Therefore, sensitive skin owners need to be more careful in choosing products and skin care measures. Sensitive skin types are characterized by skin that is easily flushed, itchy, and dry.


Before patients undergo skin care, there are some things that need to be considered and consulted to the doctor in advance to prevent the risk that may occur or results are less satisfactory. Warnings may vary depending on the type of skin care patients will be living, but the most common thing to do, include:

    Tell your doctor if you have any allergies to medicines and the chemicals or materials used during the treatment procedure.
    Tell your doctor if you have a history of skin inflammation, such as rosacea, psoriasis or atopic eczema.
    Let your doctor know if you have a history of the disease being infected due to bacteria, viruses, or fungi.
    Tell your doctor if you are taking any special facial medications, especially isotretinoin, and drugs that increase the risk of bleeding, such as aspirin and ibuprofen, at least 10 days before the procedure.
    Let your doctor know if you have or are suffering from an autoimmune disease or a low immune system.
    Tell your doctor if you have an open or keloid (scar tissue).
    Tell your doctor if you have had surgery around the face in 2 months.

Some types of skin care, such as microdermabrasion and lasers, may not be recommended for people with dark skin, as the risk of skin pigmentation changes.
Before Skin Care

Before the patient undergoes facial skin care, the patient will consult in advance with a dermatologist or aesthetist. Doctors will inquire and search for complaints of skin problems experienced by patients, history of skin diseases that have been experienced, and the desired results.

Next, the doctor will examine the patient's skin condition and the disorder. Through this examination, the doctor can identify the patient's skin type and determine the appropriate type of facial skin care.

After the patient undergoes the examination process, the doctor will explain about the skin care procedure to be performed and the expected outcome of the action, along with the risk of being aware of the patient.

In addition, there are some things that need to be done before the patient facial skin care, among others:

    Avoid direct sun exposure for several weeks before undergoing a facial skin care procedure. This is done to prevent the risk of pigmentation changes in facial skin.
    Avoid using facial medications that can cause facial exfoliation for several days before treatment.
    Avoid beauty treatment procedures, such as massage, scrubs, or face masks and remove waxing, at least a week before treatment.
    Avoid smoking at least 2 weeks before and after undergoing skin care, because smoking can inhibit the healing process.
    For patients who have a history of herpes infection around the mouth, the doctor will give antiviral drugs to be taken before and after the treatment procedure to prevent re-infection.
    Take off all the jewelry and clean up the makeup that may be used with water and soap.
    Invite family members or relatives to accompany and deliver patients home. This is done because some facial skin care procedures use tranquilizers, such as medium or heavy category peeling.

For some treatment measures, such as intensed pulse light (IPL) and microdermabrasion, the doctor may take a patient facial photo first before treatment is performed.

Skin Care Procedures

Facial skin care is generally varied and tailored to the conditions and disorders of facial skin owned and experienced by patients. Some types of facial skin care, among others:

    Facial. This is one type of facial skin care done through several steps, such as cleansing, steaming, exfoliation, acne removal and blackheads (extraction), facial massage, facial mask (facial mask), as well as the use of serum, moisturizer (moisturizer), toner, and sunscreen if facials are done during the day.
    Peeling, is a skin care procedure performed by using a chemical solution to remove or remove dead skin cells.
    Facial cautery, is one type of facial skin care procedure to treat injuries or remove lesions on facial tissue. This treatment procedure is part of an electrical surgery performed by using a pencil-like metal instrument to drain the high-frequency electric current that creates heat, to the area of ​​the facial skin that will undergo the treatment. This action is usually done to deal with facial warts and skin tags (growing meat).
    Laser. This is a type of facial skin care therapy using a predetermined laser wavelength to remove dead skin cells and layers and rejuvenate the skin. Laser treatment is also done to reduce wrinkles, acne scars, and fine lines on the face. In addition, lasers are also used to remove feathers. Laser treatment can use two types of lasers, namely carbon dioxide and erbium.
    Intense pulse light (IPL), which is one type of facial skin care therapy using a tool that emits high-intensity light waves. IPL is done to overcome various disorders of the skin, such as scars, acne scars, rosacea, aging spots, sun damage, and to remove feathers.
    Microdermabrasion. This is one type of facial skin care procedure to update the texture and color of the skin, and helps eliminate wrinkles, fine lines, age-induced spots, melasma, or sun-damaged skin. Microdermabrasion is performed by using a special tool that has a rough surface to sand the outer layer of the skin, in order to provoke a smoother and non-wavy skin growth.
    Radiothermoplasty (thermage), a method of facial treatment to tighten and improve contours or fine lines on the face and neck. This method is done by using radio waves that can generate heat temperature to tighten the tissue and skin structure, so that the skin layer does not need to go through the process of exfoliation. Thermage can be done on all skin types.

After Skin Care Face

Doctors usually allow patients to go home and continue their usual activities after treatment. The doctor will also provide specific instructions that the patient should undergo during the recovery period at home, in accordance with the skin care done. With the aim of helping the healing process and maximizing the results to be achieved.

Patients may experience redness and swelling for several days or weeks according to skin condition and type of treatment performed. Burning and pulsating sensations in the skin area may also be experienced by patients undergoing peeling and microdermabrasion.

Patients are encouraged to avoid direct sun exposure by using sunscreen and covering skin areas that have undergone treatment. This is done because the new skin layer is still vulnerable to sunlight. To overcome the disorders that occur in the skin area, doctors will encourage patients to use protective ointment, such as petroleum jelly, and ice packs to relieve the burning sensation and sensation that may be experienced.

Some types of facial skin care, such as IPL and peeling, may require repeated treatment to get the desired results. Such remedial is generally done with a lag time of about 1 month.

Whatever skin type you have, here are some ways to treat your skin to stay in the best condition, including:

    Protect your skin from exposure to sunlight directly by using sunscreens that can inhibit ultraviolet light.
    Use clothes that cover the skin, such as long-sleeved shirts, hats and glasses when out of the house.
    Avoid smoking because it can disrupt the youthfulness of the skin.
    Consumption of healthy and nutritious foods, and multiply the consumption of fluids.
    Clean the skin gently every day by using a soap that suits the skin condition.
    Avoid using makeup when going to bed.
    Use a regular skin moisturizer.
    Avoid stress because it can cause the skin becomes more sensitive and acne.

Skin Care Risk

Facial skin care is a safe procedure, although there are some risks of side effects that may be experienced by some patients, among others:

    Allergic reactions to certain drugs, ingredients, or chemical solutions used during the treatment procedure.
    Infections caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungi. Especially if there is a scar on the area of ​​treatment.
    Scar. Although rare, some facial skin care methods, such as peels and lasers, can cause scars or scarring. The doctor may give antibiotics and corticosteroids to reduce the appearance of scars on the face.
    Inflammation. Some facial skin care methods, such as laser and microdermabrasion, are at risk of causing facial skin inflammation. Inflammation is generally characterized by reddened, swollen, and itchy skin.
    Skin color change. Facial skin treatments, such as laser and peeling, can cause the facial skin area undergoing treatment to become darker (hyperpigmented) or lighter (hypopigmented) than surrounding skin. This condition can be permanent, but can be prevented by the use of sunscreen regularly during the healing process.

In order for skin care to be effective and give the expected results, consult with a dermatologist first. Avoid going through skin care at beauty services without doctor supervision. Routine skin care at home according to doctor's advice, for healthy skin always awake.