What is exactly the Somatoform disorder?

Somatoform disorder is a psychological disorder characterized by a set of physical symptoms that are uncertain and not visible on physical examination. Stress can cause chest or back pain, fatigue, dizziness, or unexplained unknown cause. This is probably a sign of somatoform disorder.

Somatoform disorder is a group of psychiatric disorders in which we can feel the symptoms of real physical pain in our body, but after examined to the doctor, was not found physical abnormalities. Although no source of disease can be found, the perceived pain is real and not imagination. Somatoform disorder can occur when we are stressed or a lot of thoughts. To diagnose somatoform disorders, the physician needs to perform a complete and thorough medical examination to find the underlying cause of the complaint.

Causes of Somatoform Disorders

The relationship between body and mind so far has not been fully understood. Until now, no one knows for sure why somatoform disorder can occur. There are opinions that say it happens because there are problems with nerve impulses that send pain signals, stress, and other unpleasant sensations to the brain.

Somatoform disorders tend to disappear over time and decrease in the family. This disorder is more common in people who abuse alcohol and drugs, as well as those with negative thinking tendencies, are sensitive to pain both physically and emotionally, have a history of sexual abuse or have been the victims of physical abuse.
Types of Somatoform Disorders

If further detailed, somatoform disorders can be divided into five types, namely:

    Somatization disorders

This disorder generally occurs at the age of 18-30 years and lasts for years. The sufferer has many physical symptoms in various parts of the body, such as indigestion, abdominal pain, nausea, headaches, fatigue, sexual problems, to problems surrounding menstruation.

Somatization disorder is not known what causes it. To be sure, this disorder can greatly affect or affect daily life and more common in women than men. Patients with this disorder also often get referrals to various specialists and undergo many tests, because no physical abnormalities are found to explain the symptoms.


Hypokondriasis sufferers are always worried if they have serious illness. They believe if the symptoms they suffer are signs of a very serious medical illness. For example, believe in brain tumors because of headaches, or suspected skin cancer when there is a small rash on the skin.

    Conversion noise

In conversion disorders, the sufferer has symptoms that indicate a serious disease in the brain or nerves, but can not be traced to the medical cause. Somatoform disorders of this one tend to occur at the age of 18-30 years and can recur over time.

Various symptoms of conversion disorders include numbness, hearing impaired or can not hear, blind, abnormal gestures such as tremor or stumbling when walking, or even paralysis. These signs can get worse when under stress. The symptoms last for several weeks, but there are also symptoms that persist for longer periods of time.

    Dysmorphic disorder of the body

If we spend a lot of time worrying about body appearance, maybe we suffer from body dysmorphic disorder. Patients with this disorder somatoform feel have physical disability, when in fact not. For example, the patient feels a strange ear shape, whereas the shape of the ear is normal. Or it does have a minor disability, but it tends to exaggerate the worries of the flaw.

    Painful disorders

Pain disorders are a condition in which we experience persistent pain that has nothing to do with physical illness. The main symptom of this somatoform disorder is pain. Psychological factors contribute to attack, severity, and duration of illness.

Treatment of Somatoform Disorders

Establishing good relationships between physicians and patients is one of the key factors in the treatment of somatoform disorders. The goal of treatment for somatoform disorders is to help people get them to live a normal life and help reduce symptoms. To deal with symptoms caused by somatoform disorder, it is recommended to first address the underlying mental health problems. If the basic problem has been resolved, then the symptoms of the perceived illness will be reduced and improved.

Doctors can advocate psychotherapy such as cognitive behavioral therapy to make the patient understand the main reason for the symptoms of the disease that he feels, and provide antidepressant drugs. The administration of drugs in somatoform disorders is generally if the sufferer has certain psychological conditions such as depression or anxiety disorders. In addition, it is recommended that patients consult only one doctor to help reduce the tests and treatments and medical expenses.

If you are stressed or a lot of thoughts, it is advisable to divert it by doing the things you love, meditate, exercise, or vent on friends or family. When the burden of mind and stress is lost, the somatoform disorder will disappear.