How to know that you experience food intolerance

A person is said to experience food intolerance when his body reacts when eating foods and difficulty digesting certain foods. This is different from food allergies because allergies are affected by the immune system, whereas food intolerance is not.

Patients with food intolerance will experience symptoms several hours after eating certain foods, such as abdominal pain, abdominal bloating, diarrhea, and nausea vomiting. However, these symptoms can not necessarily be recognized as a symptom of food intolerance because of its fairly general nature. Complaints of itching and rash are more common in food allergy complaints.

Some people misinterpret food intolerance as food allergies. In fact, food allergies occur when the immune system mistakenly thought the food came in as a harmful ingredient so as to conduct a reaction of resistance or rejection. Meanwhile, food intolerance does not involve the immune system. Another difference, food allergy symptoms can be experienced in other parts of the body other than the digestive organs, whereas food intolerance is usually limited to complaints of the gastrointestinal tract.

In food allergies, the amount of food triggers allergies in small amounts alone can cause a reaction, in contrast to food intolerance that generally depends on the amount of food consumed. In small portions, certain foods may not cause symptoms. But if consumed in excess or often, it will show symptoms of intolerance.

The causes of food intolerance may vary depending on the condition and the symptoms are felt. Here are some of the underlying possibilities.

    Irritable Bowel Syndrome (ARD) that triggers diarrhea, constipation, and cramps.
    Psychological factors or recurrent stress that can cause intestinal cramps.
    The absence of certain enzymes needed to digest food, as in lactose intolerance.
    Sensitive to preservatives in foods, including sulfites used to preserve dried fruits.

For example, people with lactose intolerance that lack enzymes to digest certain proteins in milk-containing foods or drinks can not digest dairy products properly. While people who have gluten intolerance will feel a complaint on digestion when eating wheat or any processed wheat products.

The originator of food intolerance is often difficult to know. Some substances that are suspected to be the cause of intolerance are alcohol, caffeine, histamine that can be found in mushrooms or food  . In addition, people can also experience intolerance to chemicals contained in certain food or beverage products such as flavorings, coloring, MSG, or any preservatives that protect food from bacterial development.

Befriended with Food Intolerance

Food intolerance can be prevented and managed. Treatment of food intolerance and management of symptoms vary greatly among individuals. Below are some guidelines to try.

    Diary. Write down what you consume every day, what symptoms are felt after eating certain foods, and when these symptoms begin to feel.
    Try eliminating foods that make you intolerant from your diet for at least 2-6 weeks, and see if your symptoms are decreasing. Then, you can try the food again to see if you can digest it to some degree. It can be tried to determine the extent to which your body can digest food well in certain portions.
    Avoiding eating certain foods can make the body may lose the necessary nutrients. It's a good idea to consult a nutritionist or clinical nutrition clinician to determine what substitute foods you can consume.
    If food intolerance occurs in children, always consult the management of the food menu before keeping children away from certain foods. Children need balanced nutrition to support optimal growth and development. If there is food intolerance or suspicion that the child has food intolerance, then you should consult a pediatrician to get an appropriate feeding plan.
    Read the description and content on the food packaging to avoid foods that you can not digest.
    If needed, while eating outdoors, you can ask the waiter about the ingredients and how the cooking will be eaten.
    Perform an allergic examination, to determine whether the perceived complaint is due to intolerance or food allergies.
    In lactose intolerance, you can choose milk or dairy products with low or lactose-free lactose content. Lactase enzyme supplements can also be tried to prevent symptoms of intolerance. But you should consult your doctor before using the supplement.

Check with your doctor if after eating certain foods, your body reacts or feels uncomfortable. Careful examination needs to be done to determine whether the condition is a food allergy, food intolerance, or even possibly even food poisoning. In food intolerance, the physician will deal with the underlying condition, or provide certain medications so that the body can digest food that can not be tolerated.

Although generally rarely causing fatal disorders, there are some important things to note, namely if food intolerance causes you malnutrition or leads to complaints accompanied by other symptoms, such as severe dehydration, weakness, decreased consciousness, low blood pressure, palpable hands Cold, decreased urine production, there is blood during bowel movements, weight continues decreasing, red rash appears on the skin, and there is cough or shortness of breath after eating certain foods. If you have any of these symptoms, you should immediately see a doctor for proper examination and treatment.