Four good things that you might get after doing exercise routine

Exercise has been known to be a factor preventing the occurrence of various chronic diseases. This is because exercise can help the body rebalance the various functions of organs and metabolism. Whether for health reasons or losing weight, physical activity routines can change the way different organs work. This is because, if done consistently, the body will adapt and can increase the level of physical fitness.

Here's how the body adapts to sports

Adaptation in question is the body's response to physical activity undertaken. This may occur in a short time (acute adaptation) or over a longer period (chronic adaptation).

Acute adaptation - is a physical adaptation that occurs in a short time while on physical activity. This is characterized by increased organ activity such as heart and muscle while exercising, but the adaptation will soon disappear or return to normal as the sport has stopped.

Chronic adaptation - is a form of adaptation that occurs along with the increase in exercise intensity in a matter of days, weeks, to months. Chronic adaptation is usually characterized by changes in the shape of organs, accompanied by an increase in the working capacity of an organ that has been adapted. For example increased lung capacity in storing oxygen after going through some aerobic exercise time.

Everyone has a varied time until the body is able to adapt to the sport optimally, but in general adaptation is influenced by the intensity, duration, and frequency. To adapt, slow and consistent improvement is necessary for all three, this is necessary for the improvement of physiological capacity. In addition, individuals who have been active in physical activity will be more adaptable to new exercise routines and more quickly experience improved physiological function.
What are the changes that occur in body organs thanks to exercise?

There are several major changes to the organs of the body after adapting to exercise routines, including:

1. Increased heart strength

It is characterized by an increase in the size and strength of the left ventricular heart muscle, which plays a role in pumping blood throughout the body. In normal adults who are not routinely in physical activity, the heart pumps about 60 ml of blood. However, people who regular physical activity can pump blood up to 100 ml in a state of rest.

This increased capacity also causes lower heart rates because the heart can work more efficiently in pumping blood. Cardiac capacity is also important for maintaining the elasticity of blood vessels, muscle growth, and oxygen intake capacity.

2. Muscle enlargement

As the organ of the body, muscles require a lot of energy obtained from oxygen and food stash. The increase in muscle size and mass is caused by muscles that have adapted and have more capillary blood vessels, mitochondria, energy-producing enzymes, as well as the capacity to store foodstuffs such as carbohydrates, glycogen and more fat.

Capillary blood vessels are useful muscles to help the muscle working efficiency in generating energy through the transport of oxygen and foodstuffs. Oxygen is required by the mitochondria in the muscle cells to produce energy, this process is also aided by myoglobin which tends to increase in active muscles used. With regular exercise, muscles will also be more adaptable to use foodstuffs effectively.

3. Increased lung capacity

The higher the intensity of one's sport, the greater the body's oxygen demand. To meet these needs, human lungs can adapt to store more oxygen. However, the size of the lung does not increase.

Increased lung capacity allows the lungs to store, use and distribute oxygen more efficiently, so that the lungs can work well without taking too much breath. This will prevent running out of breath when running or while exercising with high intensity. In general, the lung capacity is much lower if a person is not active in physical activity.

Although the adapted lungs are capable of inhaling more oxygen in one breath, but individuals who exercise regularly tend to have low oxygen intake levels while in a resting state. This is because the body has been trained to efficiently meet and distribute oxygen.

4. Bone regenerate faster

Adaptation of bone in exercise can be triggered muscle contraction against bone. This helps the process of bone regeneration by new bone cells after degeneration. This process occurs slowly and gradually, and can be triggered by all types of exercise, especially resistance exercises that can train muscle strength.